Major James Carroll
Born: 10 March 1854, Woulwich, England
Died: 16 September 1907
- MD: University of Maryland, 1891
- Post-graduate: Johns Hopkins, 1891 - 1892
- Honorary LLD 1907: University of Nebraska, University of Maryland
- 1895 - 1899 Demonstrator, Pathology and Bacteriology, Medical Department, Columbian University, Washington, D.C.
- 1898 - 1899 Demonstrator, Pathology and Bacteriology, Veterinary Department, Columbian University, Washington, D.C.
- 1902 Professor, Bacteriology and Clinical Microscopy, Army Medical School, Washington, D.C.
- 1902 Associate Professor, Bacteriology and Pathology, Medical Department, Columbian University, Washington, D.C.
- 1903 - 1907 Curator, Army Medical School, Washington, D.C.
Selected Career Highlights
Showed in 1901 that yellow fever was caused by a virus. This was the FIRST demonstration that a virus causes disease in humans. Worked with Walter Reed, and inoculated himself by submitting to the bite of an infected mosquito. He contracted yellow fever and recovered from the severe attack of yellow fever that followed with a permanent cardiac lesion that led to his death at age 53. Wrote extensively about yellow fever.
Initiated typhoid fever experiments with prophylactic vaccine.
Elected 1st President of The International Association of Medical Museums.
His personal correspondence with many scientists throughout the world extended the membership of the IAMM greatly. Very dear to his heart was the international scope of the Association. At the first stated meeting of the IAMM, held in May 1907 under the cloud of his illness, he was elected President. He died five months later.