Short Courses and Special Courses

SC09 – Challenging Frozen Sections: When Do I Stick My Neck Out… and How Far?

Wednesday, March 21, 2018 - 8:00 am - 12:00 pm
This Short Course session includes up to a one-hour break.


Rhonda K. Yantiss, MD, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY
Timothy D’Alfonso, MD, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY
Theresa Scognamiglio, MD, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY
Brian Robinson, MD, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY
Alain Borczuk, M.D., Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY

Course Description

Intra-operative frozen section interpretations can be challenging, particularly in an era of increasing sub-specialization within the field of surgical pathology. Cytologic and pre-operative biopsy assessments have largely eliminated the need for intraoperative tumor classification. Thus, most intraoperative frozen sections are now used for tumor staging to determine resectability, margin assessment, and classification of small lesions discovered during the procedure. In these situations, pathologists are expected to render definitive, rapid diagnoses, often without support of colleagues and ancillary techniques. This course will provide registrants with a practical approach to intraoperative consultations, illuminate distinguishing features of carcinoma and benign mimics commonly encountered in frozen sections, and improve communication between pathologists and surgeons in the frozen section laboratory

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this educational activity, the learner will be able to:

  • Recognize frozen section artifacts and avoid sampling errors that can influence diagnosis
  • Develop an algorithmic, pattern-based approach to gland-forming hepatic nodules
  • Discriminate between carcinoma and its mimics in frozen sections, particularly in neoadjuvantly treated patients
  • Appropriately classify pulmonary neoplasms and identify problems in their differential diagnosis
  • Communicate results to clinicians effectively and understand immediate clinical implications of rendered diagnoses


Continuing Medical Education and Maintenance of Certification

The United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology designates this live activity for a maximum of 3 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

The USCAP is approved by the American Board of Pathology (ABP) to offer Self-Assessment credits (SAMs) for the purpose of meeting the ABP requirements for Maintenance of Certification (MOC). Physicians must take and pass the post-test in order to claim SAMs credit.

Physicians can earn a maximum of 3 SAM credit hours.


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